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Presidential inaugurations: Traditions, rituals, trivia


MANILA, Philippines—Following the inauguration of Vice President-elect Sara Duterte-Carpio final Sunday, the general public eye is now on the oath-taking of President-elect Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr. on the finish of the month.

Sara, daughter of outgoing President Rodrigo Duterte, took her oath of workplace in her hometown Davao Metropolis, just a few days earlier than she would have been legally vice chairman—and over per week forward of her working mate.

Marcos Jr. was introduced to take his oath of workplace because the seventeenth chief govt of the nation on the historic Nationwide Museum of the Philippines on June 30.

“The Nationwide Museum of Philippines constructing and its surrounding areas match our necessities for President-elect Marcos’ inauguration. Preparations are already in full swing to make sure that it will likely be prepared by then,” stated incoming Presidential Administration Employees secretary Zenaida “Naida” Angping.

“The protection and welfare of our individuals are paramount. As such, we selected to keep away from disrupting the medical care being given to the COVID-19 sufferers housed there. That’s why we opted for the Nationwide Museum because the venue.”

As Filipinos await Marcos Jr.’s oath of workplace, INQUIRER.web will element some attention-grabbing information about previous inaugurations of earlier Philippine presidents.

Inauguration venue

The Nationwide Museum of Effective Arts has had its fair proportion of tales about presidential inaugurations.

The venue, previously often called the Nationwide Artwork Gallery, has hosted the inaugurations of three earlier presidents of the nation: Manuel L. Quezon in 1935, Jose P. Laurel in 1943, and Manuel Roxas in 1946.


In June 2016, Duterte took his oath of workplace in Rizal Corridor, the biggest room in Malacañang Palace, the place particular state occasions are often held.

Just like the Nationwide Museum of Effective Arts, the Palace has additionally witnessed the oath-taking of 4 of the nation’s former presidents.

In 1948, former President Elpidio Quirino took oath because the sixth president of the Philippines on the Council of State Room at Malacañang’s Government Constructing beneath extraordinary circumstances, following the demise of Roxas.

In 1957, in the identical room the place Quirino was inaugurated, Vice President Carlos P. Garcia took his oath of workplace as he assumed the presidency by succession following the sudden demise of former President Ramon Magsaysay.

The third president inaugurated within the Palace was the late strongman Ferdinand Marcos in 1986, marking the graduation of his fourth and remaining time period as president.

Six years in the past, Duterte was the primary to interrupt the custom of being inaugurated at Quirino Grandstand in Rizal Park. This monumental venue has witnessed and hosted 10 historic presidential inaugurations.

Roxas began the custom when he retook his oath on July 4, 1946, as a part of the Independence Day celebration. Again then, the venue was nonetheless referred to as the Independence Grandstand, described within the Official Gazette as “a brief construction inbuilt entrance of the Rizal Monument.”

The venue takes its identify from Quirino, the second to take his oath of workplace there in 1948.


Six presidents have adopted Roxas’ lead and have determined to maintain the custom. These have been:

  • Magsaysay in 1953
  • Garcia in 1957
  • Diosdado Macapagal in 1961
  • Marcos in 1965, 1969, and 1981
  • Fidel V. Ramos in 1992
  • Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino III in 2010

In the meantime, former presidents Emilio Aguinaldo and Joseph Ejercito Estrada have been inaugurated on the Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan, in 1899 and 1998.

Two former presidents—Quezon (for his third inauguration) and Sergio Osmeña—took their oath of workplace in Washington, D.C. in the US in 1943 and 1944, respectively, beneath particular circumstances.

Throughout these years, the Philippines was transitioning to unbiased rule from the Individuals.

In 1941, Quezon was sworn into workplace for his second time period as president on the Malinta Tunnel in Corregidor.

One other historic inauguration was held on the Membership Filipino, Greenhills in San Juan, when former President Corazon Aquino took her oath of workplace on the top of the individuals energy revolution in opposition to Marcos.

Years later, former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was inaugurated on the EDSA Shrine in Quezon Metropolis after Estrada was compelled out of workplace in 2001.

She was inaugurated for the second time in 2004 on the Cebu Provincial Capitol in Cebu Metropolis.

Inaugural tackle

After the oath, the newly sworn-in president will ship his inaugural speech. In most inaugural addresses, presidents thank their supporters and the general public who helped them safe the highest place within the authorities.

Additionally included within the speeches are the presidents’ guarantees and plans, which they hope to perform by the top of their six-year time period. Some enchantment to the individuals and encourage them to work hand in hand to realize progress.


Up to now, primarily based on transcripts printed on the Official Gazette’s web site, Roxas holds the report for the longest inaugural speech among the many earlier Philippine presidents. His inaugural tackle consisted of 4,385 phrases.

Knowledge under present how lengthy—by way of period and phrase depend—the inaugural speeches of the earlier presidents have been:

  • Marcos: 2,057 phrases (1956 inaugural tackle); 1,172 phrases (1969); 2,874 phrases (1981); 664 phrases (1986)
  • Aquino: 1,187 phrases
  • Ramos: round 2,356 phrases, speech lasted for about 29 minutes
  • Estrada: 2,202 phrases, speech lasted for round 31 minutes
  • Arroyo: 1,066 phrases, speech lasted for at the least quarter-hour (2001); 1,647 phrases, speech lasted for round 20 minutes (2004)
  • Aquino: 2,057 phrases, speech lasted for round 22 minutes
  • Duterte: 1,343 phrases, speech lasted for at the least quarter-hour

Read Marcos’ first inauguration speech: 

Read Marcos’ second inauguration speech:

Read Marcos’ third inauguration speech: 

Read Marco’s fourth inauguration speech: 

Read Aquino’s inauguration speech: 

Read Ramos’ inauguration speech: 

Read Estrada’s inauguration speech: 

Read Arroyo’s first inauguration speech: 

Read Arroyo’s second inauguration speech: 

Read Aquino’s inauguration speech: 

Read Duterte’s inauguration speech: 

The Bible

One other symbolic and conventional a part of the swearing-in ceremony of the nation’s presidents is the Bible.

Though the Philippine Structure doesn’t require the Bible for the oath-taking ceremonies, as a rustic the place a lot of the inhabitants is Catholic, many presidents previously have opted to incorporate it of their inaugural rites.


Throughout the inauguration, the president historically lays the left hand on a Bible as they state their oath:

“I, [name] do solemnly swear [or affirm] that I’ll faithfully and rigorously fulfill my duties as President [or Vice-President or Acting President] of the Philippines, protect and defend its Structure, execute its legal guidelines, do justice to each man, and consecrate myself to the service of the Nation. So assist me God.”

In case of affirmation, Article 7 Part 5 of the 1987 Structure acknowledged that the final sentence could be omitted.

The custom of together with or utilizing the Bible throughout swearing-in ceremonies began on December 30, 1953, when Magsaysay swore on a Bible throughout his inauguration on the Independence Grandstand—now Quirino Grandstand—in Manila.

The Bible used in the course of the previous presidential inaugurations additionally holds private and historic significance.

In 1965, throughout Marcos’ first inauguration as president of the Philippines, he used two Bibles—one owned by his father, Mariano Marcos, and one other given by his spouse, Imelda.

Throughout her inauguration, Aquino used a household Bible that was handed all the way down to her by Aurora Aquino, mom of the slain Ninoy Aquino. The identical Bible was utilized in 2010 when her son, the late President Benigno Aquino III, took his oath of workplace because the fifteenth president of the Philippines.

In 2004, Arroyo took her oath of workplace utilizing the identical Bible her father, Diosdado Macapagal, used when he was sworn in as president in 1961.

One other a part of this particular inauguration custom is the Bible holders.

Historically, presidential spouses maintain the Bible throughout ceremonies.

When Ramos, the primary non-Catholic president of the country-was sworn into workplace in 1992, First Girl Amelita Ramos held the Bible beside him.

In 1998, former senator Loi Ejercito Estrada held the Bible for her husband Joseph “Erap” Ejercito Estrada throughout his presidential inauguration.

In the meantime, Mike Arroyo held the Bible for his spouse throughout her oath-taking in Cebu Metropolis in 2004.

Different presidents, nevertheless, selected totally different personalities to carry the Bible for them throughout their oath-taking.

These embody:

  • former Bohol Gov. Juan Pajo who held the Bible for former president Garcia, a fellow Boholano, in 1957;
  • Aurora Aquino held the Bible used when former president Aquino recited the presidential oath in 1986 at Membership Filipino;
  • Jesuit theologian Fr. Catalino Arevalo held the Bible for the youthful Aquino’s oath-taking in 2010;
  • Duterte’s youngest youngster, Kitty Duterte, held the Bible owned by her grandmother, Soledad, when her father took his oath as Philippine president in 2016.

Including one thing new

In 2010, after the youthful Aquino delivered his inaugural tackle, representatives or members of the general public have been referred to as to guide the recitation of the Panata sa Pagbabago—Pledge for Change—a pledge of the Filipino residents to assist the federal government in effecting change and good governance.


The pledge was as follows:

“Panata sa Pagbabago

Pilipino ako.

Namamanata ako na tutulong ako sa aking pamunuan,

Sa pagtataguyod ng marangal na pamamahala,

Sa pagpapalakas ng isang lipunang makatarungan,

At sa pagpapatingkad ng ating demokrasya,

Upang guminhawa ang pinakamamahal nating bayang Pilipinas.

Gagampanan ko ang lahat ng katungkulan ng isang mabuting mamamayan

Na kasing tindi ng paghamon ko sa aking mga pinuno

Na sumunod sa landas na matuwid

Makikipag kapit-bisig ako sa aking kapwa Pilipino

Sama-sama nating babaguhin ang takbo ng kasaysayan

Upang umiran ang kagandahang loob

Ipinangangako ko ito, sa ngalan ng aking mga ninuno at mga apo

Patnubayan nawa ng Poong Maykapal ang sambayanan.”

It was stated to be a response to Aquino’s inaugural speech.

This was the primary time for the general public to pledge allegiance throughout a presidential inauguration within the nation.

Meals served throughout inaugurations

Meals served throughout or after the inauguration rites has additionally been highlighted previously.

In 2016, the Duterte administration determined to have a down-to-earth strategy with the menu for the luncheon after the swearing-in.

The meals served in the course of the ceremony showcased wealthy Filipino delicacies whereas maintaining with the chief govt’s order to carry a modest ceremony.


In line with Lisette Marques, a member of the inaugural committee, solely 5 kinds of meals have been served to over 600 people who have been on the listing of visitors for Duterte’s inauguration:

  • Lumpiang ubod (coconut pith spring roll)
  • Pandesal (bun) with kesong puti (goat’s cheese)
  • Vigan longganisa (native sausage) grilled on the spot
  • Monggo (mung bean) soup with smoked fish and alugbati (malabar spinach) in demitasse cups
  • Fried saba (Cardava banana) slices
  • Durian tartlet

For drinks, visitors have been served pine-mango cooler and dalandan (native orange) juice.

Caterer By way of Mare ready the dishes on the menu whereas Glenda Baretto was tasked with rendering variations on traditional Filipino Meals.

Mongo soup was stated to be one among Duterte’s favourite dishes, whereas durian is a Davao Metropolis specialty.

In the meantime, in 2010, proper after Aquino’s inauguration on the Quirino Grandstand, lunch was served to at the least 250 visitors who have been on the Malacañang Palace.

In line with stories, the menu consisted of Japanese meals—which was stated to be Aquino’s favourite delicacies.

Among the many dishes served for lunch have been:

  • sushi and sashimi
  • yakitori (grilled skewered rooster)
  • tempura
  • Japanese fried rice

For dinner, easy however scrumptious Filipino meals was served to the visitors, which embody:

  • Pandesal (bun) with grilled Laguna cheese or kesong puti (goat’s cheese)
  • Vigan longganisa (native sausage)
  • Pritchon (suckling pig cooked Peking duck-style)
  • Halo-halo (iced concoction with leche flan, gelatin, beans, sago, nata de coco, kaong, milk, ice cream, and others)
  • Guinomis (iced concoction much like halo-halo however with fewer components and topped with crispy pinipig or rice crispies)
  • Pastillas

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